And now it’s time for the sixth edition of The Giant’s Shoulders! Without further ado: the posts
1672 – Isaac Newton experiments with light and prisms. These experiments ignited a controversy in physics: is light a particle or a wave? This wasn’t resolved until the 1900s with the quantum theory. More on the events surrounding Newton’s experiments at the relevantly named Ether Wave Propaganda blog.
1800s – Bayblab chronicles the rise and fall of Phrenology, and speculates on why it’s gone, but Astrology is still with us.
1897 – Eduard Buchner shows that fermentation has no requirement of living cells, as discussed at the Big Room.
1897 – David Hilbert writes a number theory book. In it, he gives many new proofs of theorems, and the book is influential enough that many theorems are still referred to by their number in it. In particular, there is Hilbert Theorem 90, and the blogger at A Mind for Madness took this name. He has both the history, and a modern proof up.
1933-1945 - Orac at Respectful Insolence asks the hard question: Was Nazi science good science? Not morally good, but rather, methodologically. The comment thread is rather long and interesting too, and he has a followup.
1941 – Beedle and Tatum demonstrate the one gene, one enzyme rule. The Evilutionary Biologist discusses the process: fruit flies were too hard, so they found something simpler. And eventually, this begins modern molecular biology and biochemical genetics.
1954 – Hans Luhn writes down an algorithm for error detection, which is currently used to construct credit card numbers. The details, along with warnings to not try this at home, over at Money Blue Book.
1956 – DuBois, Botelho, and Comro calculate airway resistance in people with respiratory disease. Or more precisely, measuring it. Details at Isis the Scientist.
1960-1963 – Simmons and Baluffi work out equilibrium vacancy concentrations in the solid state theory of metals, over at Entertaining Research.
1972 – Mintz and Alpert investigate hallucinations, psychosis, and it all ties to UFO abduction experiences over at Podblack.
1977 - Roberts et al study the process of addiction and cocaine. Scicurious at Neurotopia discusses it in great detail.
And finally, GrrlScientist at Living the Scientific Life discusses a book on the history of the Natural History Museum in London, as well as what goes on behind the scenes at such a place.
Next edition up in a month at the Questionable Authority. And a reminder to people: papers need to be at least a decade old! I got submissions from 2008, and that’s just not this Carnival, as well as a bunch of things that just didn’t match this carnival. Good posts, but not science history.